18 P.3d 239


No. 83,334[1] Court of Appeals of Kansas
Opinion filed June 30, 2000. Petition for review denied 270 Kan. 904 (2000).

[1] REPORTER’S NOTE: Previously filed as an unpublished opinion, the Supreme Court granted a motion to publish by an order dated December 19, 2000, pursuant to Rule 7.04 (1999 Kan. Ct. R. Annot. 44).


1. LABOR — Fair Labor Standards Act — Application. Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 201 et seq. (1994) are construed and applied.

2. SAME — Fair Labor Standards Act — Overtime Pay — Exempt Employees. Employees in an executive, administrative, or professional capacity are exempt from the overtime requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

3. SAME — Fair Labor Standards Act — Overtime Pay —Exempt Employees. 29 C.F.R. § 541.600 (1998) permits the “tacking” of exempt work and the combining of exemptions to qualify for exemption from overtime.

Appeal from Reno District Court; RICHARD J. ROME, judge. Opinion filed June 30, 2000. Affirmed.

Jim Lawing, of Wichita, for appellant.

Robert D. Overman and Jana D. Abbott, of Morris, Laing, Evans, Brock Kennedy, Chartered, of Wichita, for appellee.

Before ELLIOTT, P.J., BEIER, J., and PADDOCK, S.J.


Terry Winkle appeals the summary judgment in favor of Hutchinson Community College (HCC) on his claim for overtime pay under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), 29 U.S.C. § 201 et seq. (1994).

We affirm.

The essential facts are uncontroverted; summary adjudication was appropriate. See Bergstrom v. Noah, 266 Kan. 847, 871-72, 974 P.2d 531

The trial court ruled Winkle’s employment was exempt from the overtime provisions of the FLSA. The FLSA requires payment of overtime for employees who work more than 40 hours per week. 29 U.S.C. § 207(a) (1994). But employees in an executive, administrative,

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or professional capacity are exempt from the overtime requirements. 29 U.S.C. § 213(a)(1) (1994).

Administrative exemption
Under 29 C.F.R. § 541.214(a) (1998), employees are exempt if their primary duty consists of the performance of nonmanual work directly related to management policies or the performance of functions in the administration of a school system or educational establishment in work related to academic instruction or training.

Winkle is the head athletic trainer at HCC; he developed and managed a sports medicine program. He also managed the administration of health care to student athletes at the college and trained and supervised a staff of student trainees. See 29 C.F.R. § 541.102(b) (1998). The administrative exemption applies and the trial court properly so held. See Szymula v. Ash Grove Cement Co., 941 F. Supp. 1032, 1038 (D.Kan. 1996).

Professional exemption
29 C.F.R. § 541.315(a) (1998) exempts employees if their primary duty is work requiring knowledge of an advanced type in a field of learning, or work as a teacher, including work requiring the consistent exercise of discretion.

Based on the uncontroverted facts here, Winkle is exempt both as a “learned professional” and as a “teacher professional.” As a learned professional, his position as head athletic trainer required advanced knowledge. See Dybach v. State of Fla. Dept. of Corrections, 942 F.2d 1562
(11th Cir. 1991); Paul v. Petroleum Equipment Tools Co., 708 F.2d 168, 173 (5th Cir. 1983); see also Owsley v. San Antonio Independent School Dist., 187 F.3d 521, 526 (5th Cir. 1999) (court ruled assistant athletic trainers with similar credentials were exempt as learned professionals) cert. denied 529 U.S. 1020 (March 20, 2000). 187 F.3d at 526. The same reasoning applies to Winkle. Similarly, as a “teacher professional,” he is a tenured, full-time faculty member, teaching 12 hours of sports medicine each academic year, and he also provides clinical instruction for student trainers. See Lamb v. Rantoul, 538 F. Supp. 34 (D.R.I. 1981). Further, Winkle’s teaching duties are intertwined with and related

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to his job as head athletic trainer; Winkle is required to exercise discretion and judgment.

The trial court properly granted summary judgment on this theory.

Additionally, the trial court properly held a combination of exempt activities constitutes a primary duty and leads to an exemption as well. 29 C.F.R. § 541.600 (1998) permits the “tacking” of exempt work and the combining of exemptions to qualify for exemption from overtime.

The trial court properly held Winkle was exempted under administrative and professional exemptions or under a combination of both.


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